invisible hit counter Agriculture in wetlands and drylands - 10 Downing Nyc

As a country that started as an agricultural country, Indonesia is very sensitive to agricultural land. In addition, the state of Indonesia, which is in an astronomical location and the equatorial zone, and also has many types of forests such as tropical rainforest, as well as fertile soil, leads to agricultural land being used more widely to meet the needs of day-to-day life. At present, we generally recognize that there are two types of land in agriculture. This agricultural land is typically used by residents to grow crops and is their main income as farmers.


The following is an explanation of wetland and dryland agriculture:

Agriculture in wetlands

The first type of agricultural land is the wetland farming type. Yes, from the name alone the meaning of wetland farming or wetlands is clear. Wetland farming is a type of agricultural activity that uses wetlands. Wetlands referred to in wetland agriculture are areas whose contours are waterlogged soil types.


That is, the soil on these wet farmlands has high water content, and it is not uncommon for these wet farmlands to be constantly inundated with water. Or it could be that this wet farmland has never experienced a significant drought because it naturally has plenty of water.


Characteristics of wetland farming

Meanwhile, a wetland farm has certain characteristics and characteristics. The following are some general characteristics as well as specific characteristics of a wetland farm:


  • Has a high water content
  • Part or all of the area is flooded with water
  • It is land that tends to settle, but some are seasonal wetlands
  • Has a hardness of soft and unstable ground contours
  • Is a fertile agricultural area and contains a lot of water
  • Has a shallow water table
  • There are many plants and also plants that lead to aquatic plants or mangroves
  • Usually located at an altitude of 300 meters above sea level

Examples of wetland farming or wetlands

There are several locations that we can define as wet agricultural land, although some of them are less suitable to be used as agricultural lands, such as:

  • Rice fields
  • Moore
  • swamps
  • Brackish areas and mangroves


use of wetland agriculture

In general, wetlands or wetlands are used for agriculture on a large scale, which requires land that is always filled and has high water content and good groundwater properties. The most commonly grown and cultivated crop in a wetland is the rice plant, which requires land with constant water content to grow and eventually produce a bountiful harvest.


Water sources on a wetland farm can typically be natural water sources, such as B. the location of swamps and mangrove areas, which are close to water sources so that the area always has standing water, or it is a land that is intentionally drained of water flow, such as. B. Irrigation canals. Aside from being used as agricultural land, such wetlands are sometimes converted to drylands as well. Wetlands that have been converted to an arid plain are usually used as arid farmland or for the construction of buildings, whether residential or residential or other structures that support human life.


dry farming

As the name suggests, dryland farming is the opposite of wetland farming. Dryland farming is a type of agriculture practiced on dry land, namely land with low water content, even in extreme cases, dry land is a type of land that tends to be dry and lacks specific water sources such as rivers, lakes, or canals for irrigation.


Dry farming is a type of agriculture whose land is widespread in Indonesia. The climate in Indonesia is also mostly tropical, this is due to the hot weather, so many water sources are reduced and also. Typically, however, a dryland farm uses rain to increase its agricultural yields. This is very likely as the site where dry farming is located tends to be higher and it also rains a lot.


Features of dry farming

To be able to define that farming as a type of farming included in dry farming, there are several characteristics that we can directly observe, namely:

  • Is an area with normally high rainfall
  • Found in the tropics
  • Has a tendentially limited water content
  • Has a bottom contour that tends to be unstable and prone to erosion
  • No desert location
  • Has a rather soft and not hard ground contour
  • Buka is an agricultural place where the land is dry until the ground cracks
  • Typically land that can be used as a watershed
  • Widely used for planting fruit trees and other trees
  • Far enough away from natural or artificial water sources such as rivers, lakes, and irrigation canals
  • The location of dry land, usually located near residential areas
  • Has a water requirement that depends on rainfall
  • Many are found in the lowlands and highlands
  • Located at an altitude of 500 to 1500 meters above sea level

An example of dry farming

Crops that can be used in an agricultural area with dryland contours have far more agricultural variations compared to wetland agriculture. The condition of the soil, which is much more stable and stronger than wetland, makes this agricultural site on dry land able to withstand the stress of the roots of large woody trees, so of course, there are many fluctuations in agricultural yields, and so too the plantation.


Typically crops that are common on a wetland farm are; Chili, aubergines, secondary crops, nuts, tubers, horticulture, fruit tree, ornamental tree plantations, and shade trees.


use of dry land

Agricultural and plantation products from a dryland farm are usually very dependent on the division of the seasons and weather conditions. Some weather conditions where there is no rain for days cause the plants that have developed in this arid land agricultural site to die, dry up, and also fail to produce maximum results, so people are always looking for ways to dry land to fertilize. Therefore, despite a large number of different agricultural products, the care of the plants in dry farming must be carefully considered so that there are no crop failures.


Besides being used as arable land and also as plantations, dry land is also used for other purposes such as B. the interests of building housing estates, industrial and office sites, and other developments that support the progress of a particular area.


Basically, of the two types of agricultural land described above, both have advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, match the location of the agricultural land you will use to the types of plants that will be planted. Dry farmland is mostly more familiar to us as it is farmland that is close to settlements and is a common location.


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