Early childhood education is a coaching measure aimed at children from birth to the age of 6, which is carried out by imparting pedagogical impulses as an aid to physical and mental growth and development to qualify the children for entry into further education.
The main goal is the education of quality children, namely children who grow and develop according to their level of development so that they are optimally prepared to enter basic education and to master life after adulthood.
Early childhood education activities can provide stimulation or pedagogical stimulation according to the growth and developmental stage of preschool children. All activities are carried out through a game-based learning approach.
Activities in early childhood education not only teach children the opportunity to learn about the school, but also honesty, discipline, and various other positive things. Children who previously received early childhood education are often better able to communicate in school. Because he is used to playing, learning, and eating with friends of the same age.
Then how do choose a good early childhood education for kids? In addition to distance to home and cost, the curriculum is also a consideration for parents. In addition, teachers must also have a love for children and live their work, it can also be seen in how teachers talk to children and how they deal with unruly children.
Quoted by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), it is recommended to look for the following characteristics of good early childhood education:
- Children spend most of their time playing games, either making crafts or playing with friends
- Various activities are offered to children throughout the day, so it is also important to ask about a schedule of daily class activities so that parents can assess whether or not the children’s class activities are boring.
- Look at the decorations in the classroom, ideally children’s work is displayed to decorate the classroom to make the children proud and excited.
- The curriculum can be adapted for children who learn faster and also for children who need more help with their learning. So teachers need to know that each child’s background, experience, and ability are different because each child has a different way of learning from each other.
- Facilities and infrastructure are also important because they later support children’s education in early childhood education.
Why is early childhood education important?
The existence of early childhood education still raises debates. Some parents think that children should play and learn enough at home.
But there are also parents for whom early childhood education is important to optimally support the growth and development of their child. Well, if we refer to the government’s decision, early childhood education is indeed necessary. Here are some reasons why early childhood education is important:
Develop social skills
When a child enters early childhood education, it is a sign that they need to start adjusting to their peers and teachers. Children are encouraged to learn how to interact, socialize, cooperate and follow established rules.
Develop emotional skills
In addition to social skills, early childhood education can also promote children’s emotional abilities. When working with peers, he is encouraged to have sympathy and empathy for others. This habit needs to be practiced as early as possible as it will affect him until he is an adult.
When children are used to activities in early childhood education, their self-confidence will increase before entering elementary school. Matters related to socialization and basic learning may be familiar to him. Because teachers in early childhood education can usually educate children to be more courageous.
Optimizing brain function
By the age of 5, a child’s brain development has reached 90 percent. That is, the presence of early childhood education can support the child’s brain function more optimally. Because he gets new experiences and insights that are useful in the long term.
Skills trained in early childhood education
Motor skills are the ability to move body parts such as the head, hands, fingers, lips, tongue, and feet. Early childhood education offers activities that improve children’s motor skills, such as B. Crafts, painting, arranging wooden blocks, and others.
Cognitive skills are more than just learning information, but also the ability to think about new information, process it, talk about it, and apply that information to other previously acquired information. Children will get new insights that they did not know before.
Early childhood education can be a place where children can connect with the environment and new people, increasing their social skills. This will be useful before he enters the next level of education, even into adulthood.
Emotional ability refers to the child’s ability to regulate their emotions healthily and appropriately. How he can handle emotions, express feelings, and be empathetic towards others.
Early childhood education also encourages children to interact with teachers and friends. This activity not only trains the children’s social skills but also their language skills to communicate well.
Even if children have received training in early childhood education, this does not mean that parents do not have to provide further training at home. It is recommended that parents, especially mothers, continue to supervise their children’s education. This is because mothers have a role as primary educators for children.