Currently, Indonesia is in a dilemma over a moral problem that is not going away, namely corruption. Corruption is an abuse of public power that arises from a lack of control over the power held and the ability to abuse that power. This needs to be properly addressed as a form of our consciousness as a society that still yearns for the prosperity of the nation. Educational institutions are one of the strategic vehicles when it comes to expressing goodness and equipping young people who are free from corruption.
Given the increasingly difficult task of the KPK (Anti-Corruption Commission), which is currently in a crisis zone, and the magnitude of the consequences that the corruption case is causing, it is necessary to have a system capable of covering all elements of the nation work together to eliminate corruption, which must also be fully supported by all government parties. The most effective way is through educational media. What is needed is an anti-corruption education system that includes the socialization of forms of corruption, methods of prevention and reporting, and the monitoring of criminal acts of corruption. This type of education needs to be delivered in an integrated way, starting from basic education to higher education.
Anti-corruption education is very important for the psychological development of students. A systematic teaching pattern will be able to get students to recognize early on issues related to corruption, including the sanctions that will be imposed if they commit corruption. This will create a generation that knows and understands the dangers of corruption, the forms of corruption, and the sanctions they will face if they commit corruption. Therefore, the public will monitor any act of corruption that occurs and collectively provide moral sanctions for the corrupt.
Anti-corruption education is a measure to control and reduce corruption in the form of a comprehensive effort to encourage future generations to develop a firm rejection of all forms of corruption. This anti-corruption mentality will be realized when we consciously develop the ability of future generations to recognize the weaknesses of their inherited value system and to update the inherited value system with new situations.
Anti-corruption awareness through education is more effective because education is a process of changing mental attitudes that occurs in a person and through this way is more systematic and easily measurable, namely changes in anti-corruption behavior. The shift from an attitude of allowing and forgiving the corrupters to one of resolutely rejecting corruption will never take place unless we consciously develop the ability of future generations to renew the inherited value system to deal with corruption according to the demands of each one, reject leg of our nation’s journey.
The implementation model of anti-corruption education can be applied in three ways, namely the integrated model in subjects, the out-of-learning model through extracurricular activities, and the cultivation model or value habituation in all student life activities. Therefore, there is a need for new changes in the seeding of goodness by educational institutions. It requires a strong commitment and concrete steps to instill in each young generation the value of honesty, to become noble, honest, and responsible people with everything that is entrusted to them. Therefore, the schools have a major task in the implementation. Everything can go as expected when school, government support, and active community involvement play a real role.
Anti-corruption values can be taught through non-learning activities, such as extracurricular activities or outside work. Cultivating values with this model prioritizes the processing and imprinting of values through an activity to discuss and explore the values of life. Materials that can be supplied, such as Discipline, honesty, responsibility, simplicity, hard work, independence, courageous, fairness, and caring.
The method of providing teaching materials on anti-corruption through extracurricular activities can use the principle of “playful learning”. Delivery techniques can be through; Collaboration, discussion activities consisting of fact-finding, role-playing, and debate.
Anti-corruption education has the following functions:
- Cognitive function, namely increasing knowledge and insight about corruption and its massive effects
- Affective function, which consists in shaping the moral and anti-corruption character of the students by instilling anti-corruption values and applying them in everyday life.
- Psychomotor function, namely moral awareness to fight various forms of corrupt practices that exist in the environment
The goal of this anti-corruption education is to familiarize students with corruption issues to create a generation that knows and understands the dangers of corruption, the forms of corruption, and the sanctions to be expected if they commit corruption, as well as the creation of a new generation. Young people have good morals and build exemplary character so that the younger generation does not commit corruption from an early age.
Anti-corruption education must be delivered in an integrated manner, starting from basic education through higher education. It is hoped that early education about anti-corruption will make children with a personality more introspective so that when it comes time to enter the community, children will no longer be easily influenced and will have sufficient and correct knowledge about anti-corruption. have corruption. Corruption. Anti-corruption education is given to educate a young generation that is aware of and understands the dangers of corruption and the forms of corruption and also knows the sanctions that are accepted when someone commits corruption.