Of course, the technological progress that develops in the world, also has an impact on all sectors, even on the agricultural sector, which eventually also follows the technological developments. Ultimately, because they want to keep agricultural products in abundance, sustainability factors are eliminated. This means that the application of nature conservation to the agricultural sector is ignored. In fact, with the implementation of nature conservation, the existing ecosystem will continue to be preserved. The ecosystem here, I believe, will be related to the sustainability of the economy, people, and natural ecology.
This is closely related to the two farming systems implemented so far, inorganic farming and organic farming, which can be seen from the way they are managed to achieve high productivity. I will try to discuss the two systems only so that later we can decide for ourselves which farming system is more suitable to use.
Organic farming is a farming system that relies on natural ingredients without the use of synthetic chemicals. Nowadays, organic food ingredients are popular in the community. In both traditional markets and modern markets, organic farming materials such as vegetables, fruits, rice, garden products, and other organic products are now widely sold. Organic foods that come from organic farming are more nutritious, and healthier and of course, will not pollute the environment when planted as no chemicals are used. Organic farming carries out processing according to the principles of health, justice, protection, and ecology. The principle of health provides that organic farming must be practiced as a coherent and inseparable entity, taking into account the preservation and improvement of human, plant, animal, soil, and earth health. The principle of justice means that organic farming must respect justice, both between people and with other living things in the environment.
Because of this, people are now beginning to realize the importance of health and many are consuming organic foods farmers are using organic farming techniques instead of inorganic farming.
Organic and inorganic farming is almost the same in the use of techniques, but what differentiates the two is the use of fertilizers. Organic farming uses fertilizers derived from basic ingredients that are safe and non-harmful to the environment, as the basic ingredients used to make these fertilizers come from nature. While in inorganic agriculture fertilizers made from chemicals are used to speed up the harvesting process.
In the inorganic type of farming, heavy equipment, and synthetic chemicals are used in land management, which eventually saturates the land used as arable land, causing productivity to decrease. There are several goals in tillage, one of which is to get rid of weeds and unwanted plants. However, if the method is performed incorrectly, it will harm the quality of the soil.
In inorganic agriculture, the quantity (amount) of agricultural products that take place in it is usually what is most driven. Therefore, in inland processing, heavy equipment is used in the form of tractors, which can cause the “community” in the soil to die and the soil to be compacted (compaction occurs), this can lead to a decrease in soil fertility due to the decreased oxygen circulation and the water flow taking place through the soil pores decreases. Other consequences can stunt root growth, making the plant susceptible to disease.
As vulnerability emerges, farmers will also force crops to grow by providing fertilizer and spraying pesticides to prevent crops from being attacked by diseases and pests. However, the products used are chemical-derived, and these materials contain synthetic ingredients that cannot be digested by the consumer’s body.
It should be noted that by using the inorganic system, farmers will also reap plentiful profits with plentiful production. However, at a certain point in time after the soil becomes saturated due to the decrease in the nutrients, it contains, this affects a drop in productivity, which ultimately leads to a drop in the level of the economy as well.
From nature to nature and back to nature can be used as jargon in organic farming. So what we plant and eat returns to its original place, namely nature.
Organic farming is a system that uses natural ingredients in its land management. The first time this system is reapplied to newly cleared land or land that is in the recovery phase, the productivity or yield of these farming activities will be somewhat disappointing as the soil will be recovering and adjusting at that point First, to improve its properties, physical, chemical and biological soils.
As we know, farming activities require initial capital for cultivation, as does farming land using ecological systems. A large amount of capital is required to improve soil quality and restore soil minerals and nutrients. The capital in question is not just limited to expenses. For example, the production of organic fertilizers or organic pesticides certainly requires processing that costs time, money, and energy.
But this loss will only last a few harvests, after the land restoration period is over, the quality and quantity of agricultural products will slowly increase. Next, all we have to do is control all the ecosystems in the soil through crop rotation. In this way, productivity is gradually increased.