Do you like growing vegetables or do you eat them? Exactly, vegetables are barbecue ingredients that humans need to eat. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the intake of vegetables, so as not to experience a lack of nutrient-rich and vitamin-rich vegetable intake. These food needs make growing vegetables a great business opportunity.
The following is a discussion of growing vegetables ranging from understanding, types, facilities, materials, and benefits to business opportunities that you can learn.
What is vegetable growing?
Vegetable farming is a term that refers to a process of propagating biological resources, in this case, vegetables in the plantation sector. Due to the great opportunities, vegetable growing is often used as a business to make lavish profits. In Indonesia itself, many vegetables have been grown that have been carried out by the community using various types of cultivation and marketing systems. One of them that is currently popular is that you can buy vegetables online in applications or online vegetable stores. In addition to retail sales, the results of growing vegetables can also be distributed to other sellers to be processed and processed in bulk into specific products. In addition, cultivation activities are also considered effective to maintain the survival of vegetables to cover the diet and nutrition of many people through the production of vegetables in large quantities. For this reason, vegetable cultivation must be carried out in the right and reasonable way in order not to cause certain losses, such as environmental problems and so on.
Vegetable farming is practiced with the main objective of obtaining food from previously planted plant resources. Products from vegetable cultivation usually prioritize the edible plant species. For example, spinach, kale, lettuce, collards, celery, tomatoes, chili, eggplant, and other vegetables.
Another goal that can be used as a benchmark in vegetable growing is to create more employment opportunities, generate high incomes, and develop the potential of vegetables so that consumers become more familiar with food crops from different regions and species. So that they can do good business and develop vegetable farming. In addition, the purpose of growing vegetables can also promote livelihood and also great business opportunities. Vegetable cultivation can also improve crop protection, maintain food sovereignty and security, and meet raw material needs. So, this vegetable growing is a process that is carried out in a planned manner to achieve various goals of developing herbal ingredients for the community as a whole.
Some vegetables you can grow at home such as Spinach, arugula, eggplant, mustard greens, cayenne pepper, scallions, tomatoes, carrots, cucumber, and kale.
This means in growing vegetable crops
After knowing the types of vegetable crops that can be grown, you also need to know what facilities to consider for growing vegetables. You need to pay attention to these facilities for the vegetable growing to run well and produce high-quality and plentiful vegetables. Below are suggestions of materials you need to prepare if you want to grow vegetables:
1) seeds and seeds
Seeds and seedlings have different shapes, so the categories are different. The seeds are still in the form of seeds while the seeds are already in the form of plants whose size is still very small to be ready for planting. For vegetables to grow a lot and in high quality, they must also come from high-quality seeds or seedlings.
The quality of seeds and seedlings can be judged by their genetic, physical, and physiological characteristics and come from superior varieties, namely tall growing, pure, without impurities, and not contaminated by pests or diseases. Seed with guaranteed quality is a certified seed.
Fertilizer serves to add and complete the level of nutrients that the soil needs to be more fertile and at its maximum. There are different types of fertilizers, namely organic fertilizers which can come from manure or green manure, and inorganic fertilizers like NPK, Urea, KCL, and ZA.
If your friends prefer to use organic fertilizer derived from animal waste, you should choose a mature fertilizer. Mature organic fertilizer is characterized by a dark black color and is odorless. Choose those that are ripe to prevent the emergence of bacteria and fungi that can damage plants.
3) growth media
Planting media must be considered as it is very important for the growth of these vegetable plants. In addition, you also need to match the planting medium to the type of vegetable you are cultivating to maximize results.
Generally, the growing medium is soil, but several types of growing medium can be considered to maximize plant growth. Here are the types of planting media you need to know to adapt to the right types of plants to cultivate.
Pesticides used for vegetable growing serve to control the attack of plant pests (OPT), which can affect the quality of vegetable growth.
Types of pesticides can be natural or artificial pesticides. Natural pesticides are usually made from plants like neem leaves, which can serve to protect plants from pest infestations.
5) Production equipment for growing vegetables
To carry out vegetable growing activities, you will surely need equipment that will assist in the growing process. This equipment is designed to make work easier and maximize the growth of vegetable crops.
Stages of vegetable cultivation
After selecting the type of plant and preparing the materials for growing the vegetables, the execution begins. For vegetable growing to go smoothly and produce lots of quality vegetables, you need to follow the right growing steps. The following are the stages of proper and correct vegetable cultivation so that the cultivation produces a lot of quality vegetables:
The first stage to pay attention to is the growing process or choosing the right seeds to grow. The prerequisites for good seeds are free from foreign bodies and have a minimum size of 80% sprouts. Seeds also need to be treated well before sowing to produce quality seeds.
2. Tillage or preparation of planting media
The next step is to prepare the planting medium that will cultivate the soil as a vegetable growing area. The way soil is loosened and specially treated to meet the needs of plant growth so that it can properly maximize the body’s vegetables.
The next important step is the planting process, which you can do by seeding or without seeding. A good way of planting can be done by paying attention to the spacing of each seed or seedling to allow the plants to grow well as the growing space is even and easy to weed. In addition, planting seeds is also done in rows or beds.
After successful planting, you need to care for and maintain the seeds of these plants so that they grow optimally. This is how you care for and care for vegetables properly so that vegetable cultivation is successful and high-quality vegetable ingredients are produced:
Water plants to maintain soil moisture
Embroider when seeds die or grow abnormally
Perform weeding to control pests, weeds, and plant diseases
Hoarding by collecting soil in rows of plants to form mounds
Check and control pests with the right exterminator and dose
Install stakes or spikes for vines or weak stems to help them grow optimally.
After the process of care and maintenance has been completed, it is time for harvest. Harvesting phases must be carried out at the right time to produce high-quality vegetable products. To choose the right time you can see the characteristics and age of the plants ready to harvest. To produce good material products, the harvest can be done manually and with care so that the vegetables remain of high quality until they reach the hands of consumers.
After the harvest phase is complete, it doesn’t mean everything is fine. You need to pay attention to the post-harvest stages to preserve the quality of the herbal ingredients. This is necessary as this vegetable has high water content and is easily damaged or rotted. After harvesting, there are the following ways to maintain the quality of the vegetables:
Collecting the harvest by crop type
Sort and classify by size, age of plants, and which products are damaged
Store crops properly, namely in a clean place with sufficient water content