Indonesia is a country with a tropical climate because Indonesia has a warm temperature and is exposed to the sun all year round. For this reason, many vegetables and fruits thrive in Indonesia because one of the plants’ needs, namely sunlight, is met very well. The following are fruit and vegetable plants suitable for growing in the tropics.
Papaya is a tropical fruit plant native to Central America, specifically Mexico and Costa Rica. This plant also thrives in Indonesia’s warm climate and high annual rainfall.
The papaya fruit is widely cultivated because it contains many nutrients that the body needs, such as vitamins A, B, and C, protein, calcium, carbohydrates, and more. In addition to many nutrients, papaya is also beneficial to health. Regular consumption of papaya can maintain healthy skin, prevent heart attacks, overcome indigestion and prevent premature aging.
The sweet and sour taste is one of the appeals of this fruit enabling it to become a commodity with high economic value. Since Indonesia is also a tropical country, growing pineapples can provide natural benefits.
This fruit is native to Brazil and South America. Pineapple plants are widely grown as the fruit can be used as processed food ingredients such as jam and chips. Due to its sour taste, pineapple contains a lot of vitamin C.
Have you ever seen pineapple used to tenderize meat? Well, that’s because pineapple contains the enzyme bromelain, which can soften the flesh. Pineapple is also very useful for treating various diseases such as hemorrhoids, urinary tract diseases, anemia, and skin diseases.
Banana is initially a plant originally from Southeast Asia, which then spread to all regions of the world. From the west, bananas spread from the Atlantic Ocean to the island of Madagascar, and then to the African continent and Latin America, and Central America. Meanwhile, bananas spread from the east through the Pacific Ocean to Hawaii.
In taxonomy, bananas belong to the genus Musa and the family Musaceae. Various types of bananas are scattered throughout the region of Malesia. The most commonly grown banana species in the world is the forest banana. This type of forest banana can grow in forests, hills, and flatlands. In addition, bananas can also be planted together with other crops such as corn and cassava.
Bananas can be harvested at any time because the growth is suitable for all seasons. The death of a banana tree only occurs if it bears fruit only once in its life. Bananas can be eaten straight or cooked first. The nutrients in bananas are beneficial to the health of the human body and can also be used as traditional medicine.
Durian is the name of a tropical plant native to Southeast Asia and the name of its edible fruit. This name derives from the characteristic hard fruit skin and sharp curves resembling thorns. Its popular name is the king of fruits. Durian is a controversial fruit, although many people like it, some dislike the flavor.
Durian is kept by people primarily for its fruit, which is generally eaten fresh (arillus, or seed coat). This seed coat is generally sweet and very nutritious as it is high in carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and minerals.
Durian fruit contains a variety of important nutrients such as antioxidants, carbohydrates, fiber, protein, fat, vitamin A, vitamin C, magnesium, and phosphorus.
Chili is one of the vegetables grown commercially in the tropics. The need for chili is very high as it coincides with the development of processed foods that use this raw material. So do not be surprised if the cultivation of chili in Indonesia is quite high, because the climatic conditions are very favorable. This type of vegetable thrives in the lowlands up to an altitude of 1400 meters above sea level at a temperature of 24-28 C°.
The spicy taste can be combined with various Indonesian specialties. In addition, chili also has a variety of benefits, such as B. Warming the body, improving blood circulation, increasing appetite, preventing cancer, relieving colds, and much more.
Plants with the Latin name Solanum melongena L are native to the tropics and originally come from Asia. Eggplants thrive in South Asia, Southeast Asia, South Africa, and other tropical countries including Indonesia.
Not only are eggplants used as a cooking ingredient, but it turns out that they have myriad health benefits, such as B. maintaining cholesterol levels, keeping skin healthy, improving brain function, and much more.
The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a crop species. The part that is used is the roots, which form tubers with a high content of nutrients (carbohydrates). In Africa, sweet potato tubers are an important staple food. In Asia, the young leaves of the sweet potato are processed into vegetables as well as the tuber.
Sweet potatoes are native to tropical climates like South America and Papua. This plant is an important carbohydrate source in our food security system. In addition to carbohydrates as the main component, sweet potatoes also contain vitamins, minerals, secondary plant substances (antioxidants), and dietary fibers (pectin, cellulose, hemicellulose).
Sweet Potatoes can be grown through Stolons/Vines. Planting is quite easy, just hoe the land you wish to plant so that the stolons/sweet potato vines are easily inserted into the soil. Sweet potatoes grow well when the land is exposed to direct sunlight, taking care of weeds to avoid competition for nutrients around the plant.