invisible hit counter Garlic cultivation - 10 Downing Nyc

Garlic is an annual plant whose growth is similar to that of an onion. The leaf blades on garlic are thin and the fruit stalks are dense. It differs only from the leaves and stems of the onion flower, which has a cavity resembling a tube.

The origin of garlic is not known for certain, as this plant is sterile and it is, therefore, difficult to identify its wild ancestor. However, experts believe that garlic originated in Russian Serbia before spreading to Asia, the Mediterranean, and eventually Europe.

Historical records now show that in the ancient world, Egyptians and Indians have known garlic for 5,000 years. In India, the garlic plant has been cultivated since 6 BC. used as medicine.

Meanwhile, world garlic production is very low in Indonesia alone, due to a decrease in the area harvested, which reached 32.04% in the period 2007-2011.

Growing garlic in general can be done by anyone. Knowing how to grow garlic properly can help you maximize your garlic production.

 

  1. Growing conditions

For maximum results, garlic should be grown in an environment suitable for growing conditions. For this reason, soil and climate factors must be taken into account when growing garlic for these plants to produce optimally.

Garlic cultivation requires fertile, loose soil that contains a lot of organic material, such as alluvial soil, regosol, and latosol. Garlic growth will be better and the results will be more optimal if it is grown on light loam or sandy soil.

In soil conditions with high clay content, the growth of garlic is inhibited. In addition, growing garlic also requires land conditions with good drainage.

Garlic can grow at a soil pH of 5.5-7.5, but the optimal pH for growing garlic is a neutral pH between 6.5-7.

Garlic is suitable for cultivation in a dry climate with a temperature of 15-20 °C and a rainfall of 110-200 mm/month or 800-2000/year. For this reason, garlic cultivation would be better in the highlands, which are about 700-1000 m above sea level.

 

 

  1. Plant propagation

Garlic propagation is vegetative with cloves. Bulbs used as seeds should be of high quality, from normal, healthy plants, and free from pests and diseases. In addition, the seeds must be good, the base of the stem is full and hard, weighing 1.5-3 grams per carnation.

 

  1. Land preparation

Since garlic cultivation requires fertile soil, it is necessary to cultivate the land before planting.

Land cultivation can be done by plowing or hoeing apart from clearing the land of plant debris and weeds. After that, the land is left for 10 days before plowing the second time.

If the soil pH is acidic, lime must be added to raise the soil pH. The addition of lime can be done at the same time as tilling the soil by leveling it with a hoe.

At a soil pH of 5 add lime at a dose of 5.5 tons ha-1 dolomite, then at a soil pH of 5.5 adds 3.1 tons ha-1, and at a pH- Value of 6 0.75 tons ha-1. Next, make the beds and drains, and add base fertilizer.

The beds are made with a width of approx. 80 cm and a height of 40 cm, the length is adjusted accordingly. Waterways are made with the same width and depth, which is about 40 cm. Then the land is left for 2 weeks before planting.

 

  1. Plants

Before planting, the garlic seeds, which are still bulbous, are first peeled into cloves. Do not use small cloves as they produce small bulbs. Small cloves are usually found in the center of the garlic bulb.

Next, plant the garlic cloves upright in the planting hole 2/3 size into the soil. Avoid planting too deep as this can cause the plants to grow slowly and rot.

On the other hand, if planted too shallow, the plant collapses easily. Also, make sure not to reverse the position of the carnation because although it can grow, it will result in imperfect growth.

Spacing plays an important role in achieving maximum results. Using the right spacing will increase the yield of garlic bulbs per hectare.

Using too narrow a spacing results in small nodules. In general, garlic cultivation uses a spacing of 15 x 10 cm or 15 x 20 cm.

A garlic plantation 15 x 10 cm apart requires approximately 670,000 cloves of garlic. While using a 15 x 20 spacing requires about 330,000 carnation seeds.

 

  1. Fertilization

The first fertilization in garlic cultivation is basic. Basic fertilization is done at the same time as soil preparation by sprinkling it on the soil surface and then hoeing and leveling.

In addition, it can also be placed in the array next to the row of plants, and then covered with soil again.

The basic fertilizers provided include slurry at a dose of 20 tons ha-1, urea 200 kg/ha-1, TSP 130 kg/ha-1, and ZK 200 kg/ha-1.

Then, 15 days after planting, additional fertilizer is given, namely up to 100 kg/ha-1 urea fertilizer. The second supplemental fertilizer is given after the plants are 35 days post-planting, namely ZA fertilizer up to 100 kg/ha-1.

 

  1. Maintenance

Caring for garlic is almost the same as for other vegetable crops. Maintenance includes embroidery, weeding, hoarding, and watering.

Sometimes the garlic we plant doesn’t want to grow, or grows and then dies and wants to grow but is not normal. Therefore, it is necessary to do embroidery to replace people who have such experiences.

Embroidering can be done a week after planting, which will allow observing the growth of the planted tubers.

Usually, reserve seeds were prepared for the need for embroidery, which is planted around the main seeds, namely on the edges of the beds, or prepared in special places.

When growing garlic, weeding can be done twice or even more depending on the environmental conditions of the growing weed population. Weeding is done by removing weeds that are growing around the crops we want to grow.

Weeding can be done when the plant is 2-3 weeks after planting, at the same time weeding can be done to loosen the soil. Also, weeding is carried out again when the plants are 4-5 weeks after planting.

As with potato plants, growing garlic requires planting. Usually, landslides often occur at the edges of the beds due to irrigation or rain.

Therefore, it is necessary to cover the plants to strengthen the plants so that they do not collapse and produce large tubers.

Backfilling is done by picking up the soil into the trench, then laying it on the landslide bed and capping the onion bulbs with roots coming out.

The last care of the garlic plants is watering. At the initial stage of planting, it is necessary to water daily, that is, in the morning or the evening.

After the plants are well established, watering must be reduced to once every 2-3 days or even more depending on the plants’ conditions and the weather.

Also, by the time of harvest, which is about three months old, watering should be stopped as the garlic has finished its life cycle. It also prevents the garlic bulbs from rotting.

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