This article describes how to optimize the use of yard space and walkways by growing vegetable crops directly outdoors. Because food, water, and energy are basic needs for human survival. Simply put, humans need food and water to live and energy to support both of those things.
Food and energy security are the main issues that concern many countries around the world today. In addition to its limited existence, population growth is increasing, so the need for resources is also increasing.
Food security is the availability of products that people need, and one of them is horticultural products (vegetables). This raw material has good prospects of being developed to support people’s food security and income by using production facilities such as high-quality seeds. With intensive management using appropriate technology, the resulting product is true of high quality and can consistently meet the needs of the community.
Vegetable raw materials have a short shelf life but high economic value, so this business can be a source of income for small, medium, and large communities because of its benefits in the form of high retail value, biodiversity, and technology availability, as well as the potential for continued growth market absorption.
The market demand for horticultural products (vegetables), especially leafy greens, fruiting vegetables (chili and tomato), tuber vegetables (shallot and garlic), and other vegetables is increasing year by year, in line with population growth, affluence level, nutrition awareness of society and rising income. However, behind all this, the existence of the raw material itself still faces challenges, such as the optimal use of agro-inputs.
To minimize the occurrence of fluctuations in the food needs of the community household during this Covid-19 pandemic, it is necessary to have dealings in the field of optimizing land, yards, and walkways by growing food crops, planting in home gardens and limited stages with multiple strategies for plant cultivation systems.
This strategy for the agricultural sector is an activity to achieve household food security, the implementation of which will be enhanced through the cultivation of food crops in the form of horticultural crops (vegetables) on the farm and through steps taken by community households, employees, women’s organizations, women peasant groups and others.
The handling of herbal raw materials is integrated into the Nangun Sat Kerthi Loka Bali program, one of which is the fulfillment of the nutritional needs of the Balinese people / Krama, particularly about providing food for Balinese customs in the New Era of Bali.
Optimizing the management of farmland and walkways for the development of vegetable growing needs to be improved to ensure higher production and minimize the occurrence of high price fluctuations, which will ultimately increase the income of farmers and the region.
Managing the garden for growing vegetables is very different from growing other crops as it involves more handling. Problems in the management of vegetable cultivation require intensive processing, especially in the off-season.
Based on statistical data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security of Bali Province, the area of farms and treads in Bali reaches 2,000 hectares. If this area can be used properly, it will be able to meet the daily needs of the Balinese people.
At the national level, the Movement to Accelerate Food Consumption Diversification (P2KP) through the Sustainable Food Garden (P2L) program is collaborating with the Bali Province PKK program in the HATINYA (Page Asri Organized Beautiful and Comfortable) program. The existence of an agricultural program in the yard of the house and treads that have the following advantages:
Family food security can be done through the shop in a narrow area/yard/yard, Source of family income, when a business is run in a large community with different types of plants, it becomes a commodity that has retail value, The daily household budget of the community can be reduced, Consume healthy products because we strive to, Growing environmental awareness, because by planting funds we have done something for the environment.
Concepts and programs for the management of house and tread areas have been proposed for a long time, but are less developed. To be well socialized and implemented, the HATINYA program must be implemented with a mass movement involving various women’s organizations such as Dharma Wanita, PKK, the Women Farmers Group (KWT), and other women’s organizations associated with the Women’s Planting and Care Movement (GPTP) program, as well as employees and their wives to develop plant cultivation around their offices and homes as examples community can follow.
P2L style crop growing is farming using existing tools/media such as production facilities using the waste from SIPADU (Integrated Farming System) activities both as fertilizer and as plant pesticides, Media/place to grow by using used household appliances/goods such as plastic baskets, buckets, pans, plastic bags, and others.
Increasing production, particularly vegetable growing, can be accomplished by making optimal use of limited home yards and walkways to meet daily community/household needs during the COVID-19 pandemic.