invisible hit counter How to grow hydroponic water spinach (Kangkung) - 10 Downing Nyc
How to grow hydroponic water spinach (Kangkung)
How to grow hydroponic water spinach (Kangkung)

Kangkung is a kind of semi-aquatic tropical plant. This water spinach plant is known to taste like spinach. Kangkung is known as a facility with minimal maintenance costs. You only need a large amount of water and good fertilizer to grow this one plant. If you want to grow water spinach at home, of course, you can. Read the article below to learn more about water spinach and how to grow water spinach at home.

Kangkung or Ipomoea Aquatica is a plant that grows in water or moist soil. Kangkung usually has a trunk about 2-3 meters or more in height. This plant has fibrous roots and can swim. Water spinach leaves are usually shaped like arrowheads, but other shapes exist. Water spinach leaves can be 5-15 cm long and 2-8 cm wide. The water spinach plant has flowers that are shaped like trumpets, are 3-5 cm in diameter and are white with a light purple color in the center.

Kangkung has good potential for cultivation in temperate climate areas. In non-tropical areas, these aquatic plants can be planted in properly irrigated containers in a location with adequate sunlight.

Kangkung is a plant that is very sensitive to cold air. A good temperature for growing water spinach is between 23 and 29 degrees Celsius. When the temperature reaches 10 degrees Celsius, the water spinach plant cannot grow and will be damaged. The thing that needs to be emphasized when planting water spinach is that water spinach needs moist soil. Usually, farmers will soak the water spinach seeds until they germinate to see whether the seeds are good or not.

Typically, water spinach is ready to harvest around 45-50 days after sowing. To harvest water spinach, select the top shoot, leaving about 2 inches away from the rootstock to encourage the growth of new water spinach that can be harvested later. Harvest water spinach before it blooms again to ensure you get good quality water spinach.

Kangkung Benefits

Water spinach plants have many benefits for humans and animals. Kangkung can also be administered to livestock such as cows, pigs, fish, chickens, and ducks. Because water spinach, especially the leaves, has a high carotene content. However, the study also points out that this aquatic plant has a laxative effect in certain amounts.

Almost all dark green leafy vegetables have good nutrition, including water spinach.

Water spinach leaves are high in vitamins and minerals. In addition, water spinach is a very good source of fiber, protein, calcium, and vitamins A & C for health.

How to plant kangkung land

Water spinach is one of the easiest vegetables to grow. Does not require expensive care as long as the soil used is always moist. You can even start growing water spinach in a container. Make sure you have enough light and water. Planting water spinach can be done year-round since Indonesia is a tropical area. How to plant water spinach that you can practice at home.

1. Location determination

The first thing you need to do before planting water spinach is to determine the location where you want to plant it. Make sure the location for planting water spinach gets good sunlight. This is necessary because water spinach is a plant that needs sunlight to grow properly. Planting water spinach on the edge of fish ponds that are exposed to sunlight can also be an option.

2. Prepare Planting Media

Water spinach plants thrive in soil that is rich in organic content. Before preparing the soil, it would be better if you also prepare as much organic content as possible. Adding manure or homemade compost is very good to help water spinach growth.

3. Buy seeds

Water spinach plants can be planted from seed or through cuttings. You can buy the seeds at a plant store or online. You can also start growing water spinach from cuttings.

4. Plants

Water spinach plants are very easy to root from cuttings. Planting cuttings is the easiest way to grow water spinach. If you want to grow water spinach from seed, soak the water spinach seeds for 24 hours before sowing to grow water spinach sprigs from the seeds. This soaking will help the seeds germinate faster. After waiting 24 hours, place the seeds in the prepared planting medium. Remember that planting water spinach seeds 6 inches apart is better for later treatment.

5. Water spinach treatment

Water spinach plants do not require excessive care. However, extra care for water spinach plants is very good for water spinach growth. You only need enough water for water spinach plants to thrive. Additional fertilization is not necessary. But if you want, you can add organic fertilizer to the soil.

Water spinach is an aquatic plant, and regular watering of water spinach will surely bring good results for its growth. Don’t forget to control weeds on water spinach. Weeds can take most of the nutrients from the soil, so water spinach growth can be stunted.

6. Harvest

Water spinach grows very quickly. You can harvest water spinach 4-6 weeks after planting. You can harvest the leaves or the whole water spinach. Cutting off the stems of the water spinach and leaving a few inches will help the water spinach plant grow back.

Besides using soil media, growing water spinach can also be done hydroponically. Growing water spinach hydroponically also has better quality than water spinach, which is typically grown in soil. Before planting water spinach hydroponically, it is necessary to know how to choose good seeds. Here’s how to grow water spinach hydroponically.

How to grow hydroponic watercress

1. Equipment preparation

Some of the equipment that needs to be prepared before planting water spinach hydroponically are water spinach seeds, which you can buy from plant stores or marketplaces, net tubs, basins or buckets, and water.

2. Water spinach seed selection

Before planting water spinach, it would be nice to select good or bad water spinach seeds. How to select good water spinach seeds by soaking the purchased and selected seeds in a container and letting them sit for 24 hours. If seeds float, throw them away. Seeds that remain submerged indicate that the seeds are of good quality. After that, run the seeding process.

3. Sowing the seeds

When you have chosen the water spinach seeds well, the next step is sowing. Stack the perforated cymbal on top of the non-perforated cymbal. Fill the water until the water touches the surface of the perforated basin. Remember to sow the seeds evenly and not put too many seeds in one container. When this is done, dry in direct sunlight.

4. Further processing

By providing nutrients, the growth process of water spinach can be accelerated. You can give 5 ml of nutrient mixture with 1 liter of water. When it’s been two weeks, add nutrients as in the initial phase. You can add 10 ml of nutrients to 1.5 liters of water. Do it regularly until harvest time comes.

5. Harvest water spinach

Hydroponically grown water spinach can be harvested 21-25 days after planting. If you are late in harvesting the water spinach, there will be a bitter taste on the stalks and leaves of the water spinach. You can pick straight from the roots or cut off some stalks of water spinach.

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