invisible hit counter How to plant mung beans - 10 Downing Nyc

Mung beans (Vigna radiata), popularly called mung beans, are a species of legume (Fabaceae) known to grow in the tropics. Mung beans are rich in benefits for the body, they contain a high source of vegetable protein, contain minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, which can strengthen bones, and are low in fat, so green kajang food or drink is not easy to smell. This makes mung beans the third most important legume after soybeans and peanuts.

Cultivation of mung beans is widespread in different regions of Indonesia given the high demand for the consumer market. Mung beans can grow in soil with an optimal pH of 6.7, good aeration and drainage, and a loamy clay texture. Loamy clay usually contains a lot of organic material that makes the soil fertile. When it comes to a suitable climate, mung beans can grow in areas with temperatures of 25-27°C and humidity of around 50-89%.

phase of tillage

Before planting, it is best to prepare the soil first. This phase is done to support the growth and development of the mung beans you will be planting. Land used for rice cultivation (rice fields), corn cultivation land, or dry land must be cultivated first. Clean the weeds or weeds that are on the ground, and after that, hoe the ground 15-20 cm deep so that it becomes loose.

planting time

Planting mung beans on former paddy fields should be done in the dry season after the rice harvest. The garden land (dry land just about to be planted) is laid out at the beginning of the rainy season. Using quality mung bean seeds is the main key to mung bean growing success. The quality seed will produce uniform plants with optimal populations. The characteristics of high-quality mung bean seeds are as follows:
• Has a high germination rate of 80%
• Have good vigor or seeds grow at the same time, fast and healthy
• Pure, clean, sound, pithy, no wrinkles or insect stains
• New seeds

planting process

The prepared soil is drilled to a depth of 3-5 cm. Each hole is 40cm x 10cm or 40 x 15cm apart. Then fill each hole with 2-4 green peas. Cover the seeds with soil again.

fertilization and irrigation

Fertilization is carried out on dry soil with NPK fertilizer. On poorly fertile soils, 45 kg urea + 45 – 90 kg TSP + 50 kg KCL/ha should be given. In addition, applying compost and urea fertilizer can help retain water in the soil. In particular, former rice cultivation areas (rice fields) do not have to be fertilized.

Mung bean plants do not require much watering for watering as the plants are resistant to dry soil conditions. Intensive watering is carried out only at the beginning of planting and germination, before flowering and pod formation.

weeding

Mung beans are a plant that will not compete with growing weeds. Therefore, the weeding process should be carried out as regularly as possible, twice for two weeks or four weeks.

pest and disease control

Use fungicides and pesticides when pests cannot be controlled. Pests and diseases that commonly affect mung beans include:

Mung bean plant pests

1. Aphis glycine

This tick can transmit the SMV virus (Soybean Mosaic Virus). Attacks at the beginning of growth and formation of flowers and pods. Symptoms include wilting of plants and stunted growth. Control: Do not plant host crops such as eggplant, cotton, or beans. Remove and burn affected plant parts. The use of predators or natural enemies is also possible.

2. Leaf beetle

Larvae and beetles eat leaves, flowers, shoots, young pods, and even whole plants. Combat can be done by spraying if the attack is high enough.

3. Caterpillars (Ettiela zinchenella)

The symptom is that the fruit has a small hole. If the fruit is still green, the outer pod will change color and there will be a green caterpillar inside the pod. Control through timely planting.

4. Peanut Fly (Ophiomyia phaseoli)

This pest affects young plants that are just growing. The control is when the seeds are planted, the ground is covered with straw.

5. Grauak caterpillar (Spodoptera litura)

Symptoms are damage to the leaves, caterpillars living in groups, eating leaves, and scattering to find other clumps. Control by sanitation, and manual collection of caterpillars.

Mung bean plant disease

1. Bacterial wilt disease (Pseudomonas sp)

Symptoms are sudden wilting of the plants when the humidity is too high and the distances between them are too small. Control: Use of resistant varieties, garden rehabilitation, and crop rotation.

2. Wilt disease (soil fungus: Sclerotium rolfsii)

This disease affects plants at the age of 2-3 weeks when the air is humid and plants are planted at short intervals. The symptom is that the leaves gradually wither and turn yellow. Transmission through soil and irrigation. It is controlled by planting disease-resistant varieties.

3. Anthracnose (Colletotrichum glycine)

Symptoms are the leaves and pods with small black spots, the lowermost leaves falling off, the young infected pods becoming empty, and the contents of the old pod atrophy. The control is carried out by the correct crop rotation pattern.

4. Stem rot (Fungus Phytium sp)

The symptoms are that the stems turn yellowish-brown and wet, then rot and die. Control is carried out by improving land drainage

Harvest

Mung beans can be harvested between the ages of 58 – 85 DAP. Green peas that are ready to be harvested can be characterized by pods that change color from green to dry brown or even black. Mung beans are harvested by picking. If the harvest is delayed too long, the pods will burst and peel. The second harvest can be done within 3-5 days.

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