Japan is known for its food industry and agriculture. The agricultural system in Japan has become an open secret in the world to have a good, productive, and efficient work system and produce the best crops. Agriculture in Japan is growing rapidly, aided by the Japanese government’s policy of implementing the four pillars of Japan’s agricultural development, one of which is farm size enlargement. This policy aims to increase agricultural land ownership from four hectares to 15 to 20 hectares for each farming family.
The progress of Japanese agriculture can also be seen in the development of the urban farming system. Even urban agriculture in Japan is now a mainstay for the delivery of fresh, healthy, and fast agricultural products.
Here are some things that make farming in Japan so progressive.
• High state attention to agriculture
• The Japanese government has thus settled the issue of the trading system, including what crops are grown by farmers. What is planted has been regulated and adapted to market demand, no farmer just grows any crops lest they get confused when selling their farm produce.
• Prices of agricultural products are controlled by the government
• The Japanese government not only determined what should be grown but even interfered in setting the prices of agricultural products. The government buys the farmer’s produce and then sets a fair price for the community.
But some private individuals buy, but the purchase price is still higher than the state price, so it still benefits farmers.
• Farmers receive extensive land ownership rights
• The government is very supportive of the farmers by making large areas of land available to them. So the farmers don’t just have one or two plots, but 7 to 10 hectares of land. There are already rules for the distribution of land inheritance, a family in Japan inherits only one child who wants to become a farmer, while the other children receive an inheritance in other forms.
• Sophisticated agricultural technology
• Farmers can cultivate their fields using technology in such a large area. Almost all agricultural processes are performed by sophisticated machines, from plowing, planting, and fertilizing to harvesting.
• High work ethic among farmers
• Farmers’ working hours in Japan are like working in an office. A farmer usually has several employees who oversee the operation.
It can be said that Japanese agricultural technology is very complete from both the planting process and the harvesting process. In addition, the support from the government and research also has a very large impact on the success of the agricultural sector in this country. This technology helps Japanese agriculture from planting to harvesting. Below are some of the technologies used in agriculture in Japan.
1. Genetic engineering of rice nurseries
Japan has high-quality foodstuffs, which are not spared from their development in the field of research, especially in the implementation of genetic engineering. Although measures like these have already begun to be developed in other countries, Japan is the only country that has managed to maximize genetic engineering.
2. Using the rice planter
Most activities of the Japanese are inseparable from the use of sophisticated equipment, not least in the field of agriculture. Japan has ingenious rice transplanting machine called the Rice Transplanter with this tool can make it easier for farmers to grow rice, and the machine used is not only simpler but also capable of producing clean results. Indonesia has started developing similar machines, but not many farmers have used this technology. At present, almost all types of rice planting machines in Japan have implemented self-propelling technology, which can be operated by pushing or driving depending on the distance of the planting groove.
Most farmers in Indonesia carry out treatments such as spraying pesticides and applying fertilizers manually which take a lot of time. Various things are shown by Japanese peasants. The application of fertilizers and other treatments in this country is carried out by just one person with the help of a specially designed tractor, a drone for spraying fertilizers. With these machines, they take less time and are easier to maintain.
4. Rice Harvesting Equipment
A rice harvester called the Indo Combine Harvester that already exists in Indonesia. This tool requires at least three people to operate during the harvesting process. Japanese farming technology features farming equipment that only requires one operator to operate. By using this tool, the work will certainly be more leveraged.
5. Cloud computing for agriculture
It turns out that farming in Japan not only used sophisticated equipment but also computerized it in their farming. One of them is the use of cloud computing. Developed by Fujitsu, the system is said to have been used by several agricultural agencies operating in Japan, such as Fukuhara, Shinpuku Seika, Aeon Agri Create, and Sowakajeun.
Cloud computing is made to detect rain forecasts for ambient humidity by placing a series of sensors in the plant area. The data received from these sensors is synchronized in one of them and can be monitored via smartphones or tablets. This technology aims to minimize the occurrence of crop failures due to unexpected Japanese weather conditions, but also to improve the quality of the crops.
6. Indoor farming
Japan, especially Tokyo City, is the largest metropolis in the world with many skyscrapers. But who would have thought that the city of Tokyo has agricultural land that has a large enough area? The agricultural area is inside the building.