The learning method is an innovative development in the field of education. The use of a method plays an important role in the learning success of the students. With innovation, learning is fun and the students don’t get bored. However, there are still many teachers who use the traditional method, namely the method in which the teacher is the main center and the students only listen to the lectures. The learning model should provide more flexibility for students to explore the knowledge within them. Teachers should be able to act not only as class managers but also as motivators, facilitators, evaluators, facilitators, and demonstrators. So that the learning carried out can be effective.
As John Dewey explained, “Learning by doing is learning through direct actions that students actively take, both individually and in groups.” This learning is designed to enable students, both individually and in groups, to directly practice what is in the training material. In this way, it can be understood that learning by doing is learning by doing to directly see, hear and feel the object practiced by the instructor so that the students can understand as clearly as possible.
The learning-by-doing learning model is a method that can encourage students to take the teaching and learning process seriously so that student activity can be increased. This learning-by-doing method focuses students on interacting more actively, demonstrating, working in groups, and engaging in activities that are carried out directly, so that students have knowledge that comes from real-world experience, so that students not only memorize the material but also understand it.
The role of the trainer/teacher in applying the concept of learning by doing is more of a guide and an example. The learning management implemented must ensure student involvement, particularly through attention, listening, and planning questions and answers. That doesn’t mean learning is authoritarian, cold, and humorless. This means it can set high expectations for students to achieve good learning outcomes.
The teacher’s role in conditioning learning by doing includes:
- promote learning motivation
Motivation is closely related to a person’s emotions, interests, and needs. Efforts to increase teachers’ intrinsic motivation are designed to encourage students’ curiosity, desire to try, and independent attitudes, while the form of extrinsic motivation is to provide incentives in the form of good grades or prizes for the best students.
- Learning by paying attention to individual differences
The process of learning and learning activities is conducted by understanding the condition of each student. It is not appropriate for the trainer to equate all students as each student has different talents and different learning speeds.
- Learn with feedback
The forms include; Feedback on student behavioral skills (behavioral changes that can be seen by other students, teachers, or students themselves), and feedback on learning uptake to be actively applied. Strong behavioral patterns are achieved through participation in role plays or models.
- Learning through distraction
Learning that transfers learning outcomes to real-world situations. The teacher chooses the demonstration method (inviting students to see the activity process) and the project method (allowing students to exchange ideas with both other students and the teacher) for learning transfers that are not just lectures or discussions but prioritize real-world situations.
The application of the learning by doing approach refers to the integration of learning experiences into the learning process through experiential learning models, namely:
- In the planning phase, planning learning objectives in the training and providing a conducive training space, e.g. B. the availability of learning resources such as reading material and worksheets and other supporting learning resources.
- Set the stage, get some materials ready and make sure everything is ready before the experience begins. By explaining a procedure or process and making sure that all trainees can follow the lesson well.
- Facilitation phase, which allows students to go through the process of finding and determining solutions for themselves. For example, holding a question and answer session, but not giving full answers to their questions, so that each trainee can continue their learning.
- In the evaluation phase, the success of experiential learning activities can be determined through discussions, reflections, and question-and-answer sessions, as well as through the use of previously planned evaluation strategies.
The advantages of the learning by doing method are:
- Students have the opportunity to participate directly, with a learning-by-doing model that emphasizes student direct experience.
- The material presented by the teacher can be well received by the students. Children not only know the subject matter, but the students reach the level of understanding.
- Student activity can increase because student activity has a positive effect on learning performance, when students have high learning activity, higher learning performance is achieved.
- Encourage students’ motivation to learn, as this model encourages students to play an active role in learning and stimulates students’ interest in following the progress of the lesson.
- Supporting fun learning activities using media, facilities, infrastructure, and innovative learning models prepared by teachers, allowing students to play an active role in participating in activities and exploring students’ knowledge and creativity through real learning materials and practice in the school environment.
The learning-by-doing method can improve student learning outcomes and increase student activity in participating in the learning process, and students accept the lessons taught more easily, which has an impact on increasing learning outcomes. With the learning-by-doing method, students will understand and comprehend better when they can see something directly because it doesn’t make students feel forced, they will engage in teaching and learning activities voluntarily and with joy.