Vegetables are the most important part of a balanced diet. In addition to meeting the nutritional needs of the body, eating vegetables can also prevent the development of dangerous diseases. There are two categories of vegetables, namely organic and non-organic vegetables. The first difference between organic and non-organic vegetables is the use of pesticides. Besides pesticides, another factor that makes the difference is the taste of organic vegetables, which are fresher and more delicious.
In this modern era, people are starting to choose foods, especially vegetables, that are safe for consumption. These vegetables are obtained through organic farming, which is the process of growing crops using natural ingredients and avoiding or limiting the use of synthetic soil fertilizing chemicals (fertilizers). In fertile soil, plant growth will also be fertile.
Soil fertilizing organic materials that can be used in organic farming include:
– Cover crops: Turi, Lamboro, Sesbania, Snoring, and Legumes/Beans.
– Livestock manure originating from organically reared animals. Factory farming is allowed after experiencing the composting process for at least 2 weeks.
– Compost from plant residues is allowed if organically grown, including straw and rice husks, corn cobs, sawdust, peanut shells, coffee shells, and others.
– Animal urine (slurry) obtained from organic animals and used after undergoing a fermentation process and being diluted. Factory farming is allowed after the fermentation process.
– Compost from mushroom media is allowed if the media and straw are from organic rice plantations. The mushroom medium is a mixture of sawdust and other organic materials such as straw, which is a source of potassium.
– Composting organic vegetable waste is allowed if it comes from organic vegetable crops. Compost from organic plant waste, market, and household waste must be free of heavy metal contamination.
– Azolla is a natural source of nitrogen and the decomposition process is fast, 80% of the nutrients contained are released within 8 weeks after planting.
– Blue-green algae (blue-green algae), a natural source of nitrogen, in symbiosis with free N2-fixing microbes.
– Molasses/droplets of organic matter added in the manufacture of solid/liquid compost as a food and energy source for microorganisms.
– Biological fertilizers (biofertilizers), are substances containing microorganisms with specific functions to increase the availability of nutrients for plants. We recommend using native microorganisms and not the result of genetic engineering (GMO).
– Rhizobium air N2 fixing microorganism in symbiosis with the roots of the legume plant.
– Decomposers, non-genetically modified (GMO) bacteria, and decomposers are mainly of local/local origin.
– Natural growth regulators (ZPT) are not derived from synthetic ZPT materials.
Soil fertilizers banned in organic farming include urea, mono/double/triple superphosphate, ammonium sulfate, potassium chloride, potassium nitrate, synthetics, calcium nitrate, other synthetic chemical fertilizers, EDTA chelates, growth regulators (PGR) synthetic, microbial culture using synthetic chemical media, human waste, and sodium nitrate (Chilean).
With the benefits of organic veggies, it’s no wonder supporting this four-healthy-five-perfect menu is ending up with more and more interest. The number of vegetarians and vegans is also increasing. Of course, if you look at the business side, the opportunity is quite big, and yet you can start from a small country. Now the organic vegetable business is on the rise.
Here are 5 tips for a successful organic vegetable business:
• Prepare planting substrates, the substrates for growing organic vegetables do not require any special land. You can use the narrow plot of land around the house. Make sure the soil in the growing media is fertile. Fertile soil usually always contains nutrients, namely substances containing various minerals to support plant photosynthesis. Another way to gain fertility is to use supportive media such as rice husks, dried animal manure, or compost. If you want a simpler medium, hydroponic pots can be your alternative.
• Learn how to plant, there are 2 ways to grow organic vegetables, the first is the direct method and the second is to sow first. The direct method is usually used for leafy or creeping plants or vegetables such as mustard greens, lettuce, spinach, etc. Directly, vegetable seeds can be planted in soil media to a depth of 2-3 cm. While the special sowing method is used for fruit crops such as tomatoes or eggplants. The method of sowing has one goal so that plants can grow more optimally. The highlight, the seeds are sown first and can then be moved when the plant is enlarged.
• Meticulous care, planted organic vegetable seeds need special care. Because the challenge of this business is the infestation of caterpillar pests that can damage plants at any time. Organic vegetables are more prone to this problem because no chemical drugs are used at all. However, there is a trick to protect the harvested plants. Make an anti-pest medicine using several natural ingredients like ground ginger and chilies. After that, spray it on all the organic vegetables.
• Harvest twice a week, tips for success at the nearest organic vegetable store, harvest twice a week or more. It also depends on how long the vegetables can grow. Usually, plants that are harvested quickly or have a short lifespan are green or leafy vegetables. So that you can harvest this vegetable many times shortly. If you want more profit, you can grow vegetables that are considered economical, such as lettuce, basil, or red spinach.
• Defining marketing ideas, and last but not least thinking about marketing ideas. It can be a bit difficult to distribute them in traditional markets, although the price of organic vegetables is quite high. To do this, try starting with social media first. Spread your contacts as a trusted organic vegetable supplier. If it’s still unsatisfactory, register with one of the farmer sellers in the online vegetable application to further boost sales.