Kidney beans, with the Latin name Phaseolus Vulharis L, are among the most desirable beans. Not because of their unique color, but because red beans have countless benefits for the body. In addition, the method of growing red beans, which is easy to produce red beans, is an agricultural commodity widely used by farmers.
Red beans are commonly used as ingredients in many processed foods. One of them is the production of red beans as the main ingredient of Red Bean Ice and also one of the basic ingredients of salads. One of the reasons so many processed foods are made from red beans is that red beans are high in nutritional value.
The many benefits of red beans make red beans one of the increasingly sought-after beans. Because of this, the red bean market will never be empty and will even grow, especially as a healthy lifestyle has become one of today’s lifestyle choices.
The first way to plant red beans is that you need to prepare the seeds. There are two ways to get Red Bean Seeds. Buy it first in the farm shop. And second, you can use old red bean seeds on the tree. But another important thing to prepare for is determining the type of red beans you want to grow.
In general, there are three types of kidney beans. Namely small red beans, medium red beans, and large red beans. Even if they have the same contents, if your goal in growing red beans is to resell them, the size of the beans will greatly determine the selling price.
1. Planted land
Red beans are legumes that need a cool climate. That is why red beans are only grown in the highlands. In addition to climatic reasons, high rainfall will also severely affect the growth of red beans.
Kidney beans are a variety of beans that need a lot of rain to grow. According to research, red beans can only grow in a temperature range of 20-25 degrees Celsius. If red beans are grown outside of these temperatures, red bean growth will certainly be disrupted.
For example, when red beans are grown below a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius. If red beans are planted at this temperature, the growth will be disturbed because the photosynthetic process of the red bean tree will be disturbed. After all, places where the temperature is below 20 degrees Celsius, it is usually a place that rarely gets sunlight.
There are two types of land commonly used to grow red beans. The first is on the rice fields, and the second is on ordinary farmland. Red beans planted in paddy fields are usually planted after the rice harvest. For this rice paddy area, red beans are usually planted during the dry season.
Since rice fields are land with sufficient water content, planting red beans in summer is not a problem. This is different when red beans are grown on common farmland.
To plant red beans in ordinary agricultural areas, the soil is usually loosened first, so that later the roots of the red bean seeds can move freely and water can easily penetrate the soil. But of course, it’s not just limited to loose soil, planting red bean seeds on agricultural land is usually done from beds, so even if the soil is watered, the soil won’t get too wet because the water will drip out of the bed immediately.
Planting red beans on agricultural land is usually done by digging or drilling holes up to 4 cm deep with the help of wood on the bed. A single hole can be filled with 2 red bean seeds. However, for the seeds to grow optimally, it is better to put manure in the hole before adding the seeds and leave for 2 days so that the soil is rich in nutrients.
Note that if you are planting on common farmland, it is a good idea to plant early in the dry season. Because, as already mentioned, kidney beans are a type of legume that needs a lot of water and cool air to grow.
For red bean tree treatment, several things can be done. Namely fertilizing, watering, transplanting, and weeding. And to make it easy to understand here is an explanation of each type of care when growing red beans.
Fertilization is an important thing when cultivating plants. Fertilization is usually done many times until finally the productive time of the plant is over. Same with this red bean. After basic fertilization at the beginning of the planting, another fertilization can be done after 21 days to stimulate the growth of the red beans.
There are two types of fertilizers that you can use for this advanced fertilization. With organic fertilizers or through the use of chemical fertilizers. If you want to get the perfect quality red beans, even if it’s a bit of a hassle, organic fertilizer is one type of fertilizer that can be used as a top-up fertilizer.
Although fairly simple, chemical fertilization should not be overdone. Because it negatively affects both the plants being planted and the soil on which your plants are planted.
As explained earlier for growing red beans, red beans are crops that require a lot of water. So you have to water often. Typically, red bean trees are watered twice a day to maintain soil moisture. But when it’s a rainy season, you don’t need to water it often because the watering was assisted by rainwater. What you need to be careful of is that there is no waterlogging in the tugal hole where you placed the seeds. This is the function of the beds, where the water does not stagnate, as it immediately sinks and flows through the irrigation channels present between the beds.
It must be embroidered for maximum yields. Embroidery activities are usually done after new shoots appear from the seeds you planted, about 14 days after the planting date. All you have to do is replace or insert new seeds into the hole where the seeds won’t grow or die. With this embroidery, your red bean plants will yield the harvest you are aiming for as all plants have successfully borne fruit.
Weeding kidney beans usually focuses more on when the plant starts to produce flower buds. If the red bean tree’s nutrient uptake is disrupted while the tree is in the flowering phase, fruit growth may be disrupted.
Red beans were also not free from pest infestations. Pests that usually disrupt the growth of red bean trees are usually leaf beetles or Henosa Pilachna Signatipennis and leaf borer caterpillars or Etiella zinckenella. Organic or chemical insecticides can be used to prevent or control plants attacked by these pests. Insecticides are an effective way to deal with plant problems due to insect pests as they have an odor and taste that insects dislike. Insecticides can be used every 4 days.
There are several characteristics of red bean plants that have entered harvest time. Some of these characteristics are:
• the skin of the pod looks or feels rough,
• The pods are not very prominent and
• Dull colored pods.
When entering harvest time, red beans are usually 2 months past the planting date. And even though you’ve harvested, you still can’t carelessly harvest or pick red bean pods. Picking long bean pods is usually done with bare hands. Red bean trees are very delicate trees. So if you are harvesting with non-sterile tools, the chances of the tree getting sick are very high as bacteria can easily enter from your cutting tools.
Even so, after entering the harvesting season, you can harvest red beans every 3 days until the plant is 3 months old. These are some ways to cultivate red beans that you can use as a reference