invisible hit counter Strengths and weaknesses of the education system in Indonesia - 10 Downing Nyc

Every country including Indonesia wants the best education to produce reliable human resources. Therefore, an education system is needed as a guide to implementing an effective and efficient education process.

Indonesia itself has a long history of the education system. So far, the educational system implemented in the country has advantages. However, no system spares weaknesses.

How is the education system in Indonesia?

Indonesia is currently introducing a national education system. All levels, paths, and types of education must implement the system. One of the newest educational programs in the country is the “12 years of compulsory schooling”, namely 6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, and senior high school.


Three government agencies oversee the schools. First, the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbud) for secondary and basic education. Second, there is the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education for higher levels of education. The third is the Ministry of Religion for all religious levels.


The national education system aims to cultivate positive character, impart academic knowledge, and train students’ skills from an early age.


Some systems implemented in Indonesia include:

  1. Open education system

This educational system encourages students to increase their creativity, innovation, and ability to work there with classmates. In an open system, the students are the focus of the teaching and learning program. Learners are trained to take responsibility for themselves and to take the initiative to control the learning process.


Students are asked to measure their performance aspirations and requirements. Then the students can choose the material, the place, the time, and the way they learn actively and independently.


  1. Diverse education system

This country has a diversity of languages ​​and cultures. Therefore, an education system will be created that can adapt to the wealth of the nation. The selectable levels are formal, non-formal, and informal.


  1. Value-oriented education system

This educational system has been implemented since elementary school. Students receive character education such as discipline, responsibility, tolerance, and honesty. Character stats teaching is found in civics education, including in high school and high school.


  1. Efficient education system in time management

In the teaching and learning activities, time management has been carefully considered so that the students do not feel burdened with the material presented. In addition, the material intake is more effective and efficient because the specified time is not too short or too long. Students will learn with more enthusiasm.


  1. Educational system over time

Indonesia is always dynamic, and alias changes from time to time. You need the right curriculum for every situation and condition. One of the syllabuses that are the result of the changing times is the 2013 syllabus.


This syllabus refines and revises the 2006 unit syllabus. In addition to adapting education to the times, the syllabus changes also aim to evaluate teaching staff and improve infrastructure.


Advantages of the education system in Indonesia

  1. Affordable Tuition

Students in Indonesia don’t have to spend a lot of money to pay for educational institutions. The state already bears these costs.


According to Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati, state and revenue spending on education amounts to up to 20 percent. This amount is a form of the government’s efforts to realize the country’s vision of “educating the life of the nation.”


For example, Indonesia had a total budget of IDR 2,200 trillion in 2018. The Indonesian government allocated around Rs.444.131 trillion for people’s education in 2018.


The percentage of 20 percent was stated in Schedule XIX of the Presidential Decree for Fiscal Year 2018. The budget is divided into three allocations, namely Rp. 15 trillion through financing, Rp. 279,450 through village funds or regional transfers and Rp. 159,680 trillion through central government spending.


School operating expenses do not allow schools to collect fees from students’ legal guardians. If there is indeed a lack of funds provided by the government for the schools, only the school committee has the right to apply to the student’s guardian for the lack of funds.


  1. Transparent system

In today’s Indonesian education, the system is run transparently. This allows parents to easily and monitor the learning process. Pupils’ guardians can also participate in the development of pupils’ intelligence and skills themselves based on the learning process at school.


  1. The curriculum is prepared by experts and experienced

In the past, the curriculum was created only by experts. Since the 2013 curriculum, however, teachers can also be involved in the creation of the curriculum as practitioners. Furthermore, teachers are people who go straight into practice, so they are expected to know the required materials and explore the talents of the students.


  1. Consideration of admissions is easier

The government is currently promoting the reduction of regional disparities. The term “remote area” no longer exists. Central and local governments will support each school. Not to mention that the recent zoning system has given all public schools equal responsibilities and rights. There is no “favorite school”.


In the past, students enrolled in schools that were considered superior in the community. However, with the zoning system only introduced in recent years, student admissions only consider area and age.


Students are not given the minimum requirement of a kindergarten graduate.

This educational system allows all students who enroll to study close to where they live


Lack of education system in Indonesia

  1. Unequal distribution of educational institutions

There are still many remote areas that have not been touched by educational institutions. Pupils and teachers lack school equipment and sufficient space. In addition, the library has not yet spread to many areas.


  1. Unequal teaching staff

The problem is not the number of teachers, but the distribution. Most teachers work in urban areas. Meanwhile, the “lagging” regions lack qualified teachers.


  1. The curriculum is still theoretical

From the beginning, the Indonesian curriculum was based only on theories. When students finish their education, there isn’t much they can do. There are still many schools that rarely hold internships or equip students with soft skills and hard skills.


This is a discussion of the pros and cons of the education system in Indonesia. Existing advantages should be retained or improved again. Likewise, it is good to fix the shortcomings of the education system and immediately find the best solution.


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