Education plays an important role in building beliefs, understanding, and human ecological behavior. The occurrence of various natural disasters, floods, landslides, and other environmental crises cannot be separated from human activities that cross borders.
Bad behavior towards nature is becoming an increasingly real threat. Natural disasters, air pollution, water crises, and even the disappearance of areas and small islands are clear evidence of the impact of human error.
In satisfying the necessities of life, man exploits natural resources. As human needs increase, so does the need for natural resources, while the availability of natural resources is limited. This leads to overexploitation of natural resources and affects the carrying capacity of the environment.
The preservation and care of the environment are a duty of everyone. Because the environment affects people and, conversely, people affect the environment. When the environment is harmed, people are also harmed, both physically and non-physically.
Environmental protection is not only about disposing of the garbage in its place, but moreover, environmental issues are very complex and it requires awareness of each individual to take care of each other. In this case, environmental education is a way for us to raise awareness of the importance of environmental protection as early as possible.
Causes of environmental damage
Before you know the importance of environmental education, it’s a good idea to do some research on the causes of environmental damage yourself beforehand.
Causes of environmental damage are:
Man regards the environment as a natural resource that can be used according to his wishes and interests. Exploitation activities carried out continuously without conservation efforts will cause environmental damage. In addition, individuals’ low awareness of environmental protection can also influence the occurrence of environmental damage.
For people whose technology distribution is not evenly distributed, such as in Indonesia, many find it difficult to find green technology. There are still many people who continue to use existing technology, even though it is not considered environmentally friendly. B. in the use of CFCs or chlorofluorocarbons as refrigerators and air conditioners or air conditioners.
Society with low synergy
Environmental damage can also be caused by people who do not share the same goals. So that it has an impact on the reduction of community activities or initiatives to improve the environment.
At this time, environmental damage around us is easy to find and has entered an emergency phase. In addition to natural factors such as climate change, human factors also play a role in the development of natural damage.
The environmental problems encountered include the problem of piles of garbage, floods, river pollution, rising earth temperature, and air pollution.
The importance of environmental education
Now that you know the causes of environmental damage, you need to understand the importance of environmental education. Again that the destruction of the environment, nature, the earth, and the solar system is the result of human behavior. Human behavior is determined by a value system that is believed in and adhered to by a person.
In the study of psychology, the human dimension has cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects. The three dimensions lie in the realm of body and soul coherently. Cannot be separated, separated, differentiated.
Environmental education acts as an indicator of concern for the environment and related issues, creating a society that has knowledge, ideas, and ideas to find alternative solutions to solve environmental problems. According to the Tbilisi Conference, the general tasks of environmental education include:
- Contribute to the clarification of issues and concerns of economic, social, political, and ecological contexts in cities as well as in rural areas.
- Provide everyone with the opportunity to develop the knowledge, values, attitudes, commitments, and skills needed to protect and improve the environment
- Creation of a new behavioral pattern in each individual, group, and community as the main actor towards the environment.
The function of environmental education also plays an important role in the upbringing of children. Environmental education is necessary and must be taught to children from an early age so that they understand the importance of the environment. Environmental education can provide children with basic knowledge so as not to harm the environment. According to Nurjhani, there are several important indicators in environmental education for children, including:
- Cognitive indicators, environmental education has benefits in improving understanding of environmental issues, as well as being able to improve memory, application, analysis, and evaluation in children.
- Affective indicators, environmental education serves to increase acceptance, assessment, organization, and personality traits when coping with life in harmony with nature.
- Psychomotor indicators, environmental education plays a role in imitation and manipulation in interaction with the environment to promote a culture of love for the environment.
- Interest indicators, environmental education serves to increase self-interest
Cultural movements to protect the environment must also be promoted in social life. Building social awareness for a healthy and clean environment can also be realized through daily behavior in the family, e.g. B. throwing garbage in its place, avoiding the use of plastic as much as possible, choosing environmentally friendly electrical appliances, planting trees, or planting part of the importance of education about environmental protection.