The role of parents in raising children is very important. Parents need to understand education so that they know how to properly and properly raise children. Because of the importance of education in shaping all aspects of human development, education is inseparable from human life, education is a conscious and planned effort to create a learning atmosphere and process so that students actively develop their potential for religious spiritual strength, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character and abilities needed by himself, society, the nation, and the state.
Education plays an important role in developing children’s full potential, both in the form of behavior and in the form of academic abilities or skills. Of course, in addition to the school environment, the community, and the social environment of peers, parents play a very important role in the upbringing of these children. So a good education should integrate everything. The family is the first basis of education for children. The continuation of the strengthening of education is realized through the early childhood education, including kindergarten.
Kindergarten is a preschool education aimed at integrating knowledge and worship practices, developing motivation and attitudes towards learning, mastering skills, and strengthening the character of children. The quality of education depends not only on intelligent concepts but also on educators who have the ability and the will to excel. Without sufficient and effective educators, educational programs built on intelligent and carefully designed concepts cannot be successful.
Based on the above description, the role of parents in education is very important and should start as early as possible, starting from preschool age. Due to the importance of early childhood education, there is a need for attention and involvement from the government, educational institutions, parents, and the community.
In terms of implementation in education, the role of parents is often imperfect and many parents leave their children’s education to schools and tutors at home, as the parents themselves are working and active, leaving little time for their children. This shift is not as problematic as long as the quality of parental care and supervision of children continues to be good and schools can supplement those parents’ deficiencies.
The problem that is occurring now is during the Covid-19 pandemic where children have to study at home and even parents have to work from home. This condition forces parents to become companions and even teachers for their children by continuing to cooperate with schools with online learning models. Habituation and changing learning models will certainly affect obstacles/problems in the field.
This online learning model requires intense, creative, and playful parental accompaniment to foster student enthusiasm and learning autonomy, especially in toddlers or preschoolers who are even more limited as preschoolers are independent in their learning, which did not arise systematically, and have to study with their parents, who are used to submitting to school. This, of course, is a lot of obstacles that parents have to face.
Some of the obstacles parents face when facilitating online learning from home are:
- Parents are confused when it comes to understanding the material lessons and assignments from school and also have difficulty communicating them to their children.
- Parents find it difficult to condition the learning behavior of their children at home, who sometimes differ in their attitudes and motivation to learn at school and home.
- Home learning facilities are less supportive.
- Difficulty organizing work schedules and activities at home with children’s home study plans and programs.
- There is a saturation of children studying at home
Early childhood is a child aged 0-6 years, which is a very important time for developing a child’s potential. As Fieldman noted in Asmani in Monk, he said that infancy is a golden age that will not be repeated because it is the most important time in forming the foundations of personality, reasoning, intelligence, skills, and social skills.
Early childhood is also called the golden age, where this period is characterized by the development of the number and function of children’s brain nerve cells, so this golden age is very important for children’s intellectual, emotional and social development in the future, the uniqueness of each child to look out for and respect. Of course, early childhood behavior in systematic learning is still very dependent and can not focus on its goals. Children’s activities are still influenced by instinctive impulses and fleeting interest in objects or the environment. Children only pay attention to what they find most interesting, usually something new, colorful, moving, and noisy.
Guidance for early childhood learning requires demonstrations as an attractive stimulus to generate interest and encourage learning. Learning support for early childhood, therefore, requires skills.
Parents and schools need to work together to create a learning environment at home that is fun, and creative, and continues to prioritize school learning programs. While most parents used to be busy with their work, during this pandemic, of course, parents need to be their children’s learning companions at home, combining learning programs from school with their children’s learning conditions at home.
Parents not only need to plan work activities to accompany their children to online learning at home but also pay attention to the learning behavior of children at this early age. In general, early childhood learning looks at everything as a whole, so learning for them is still dependent on concrete objects, the environment, and the experiences they are experiencing.
Concentration in learning in early childhood is still unstable and willingly switch from one subject to another that is more interesting. Therefore, parents need to be more interested in guiding early childhood learning, especially in the atmosphere of the home, which is of course the place and situation that is not specially designed for early childhood learning. These are the challenges and problems that parents face. The system and learning patterns at home must of course adapt to these changes, as the changes are very pressing and urgent during this pandemic and all areas are affected, parents will surely encounter obstacles or problems in supporting their children’s learning at home, that always has to be online with the school program learning.